A New Alternatively Spliced Peptide (Short-Form Human MD-2) to Inhibit Lung Inflammation and Allergic Asthma

Current antibiotics for gram-negative sepsis and/or lung infections are not sufficient to prevent, block and reverse bacterial endotoxin mediated lung injury and inflammation during adult respiratory disease syndrome (ARDS), which has a very high mortality and morbidity. An anti-inflammatory molecule to down modulate the lung inflammation would be a significant benefit to existing care for […]

2020-065 – Devices for the Prevention of Reflux in Tubular Constructs

Background Currently available catheters, particularly those in urological applications, have a significant limitation regarding reflux, or the unwanted leakage of contents back into the body of the patient. Preventing reflux is vital to ensuring the health of the patient, as biofilm or bacteria collections may ascend or be knocked from the luminal surface of the […]

2020-026 – Low-cost Particulate Detector with Improved Accuracy

A novelcombination of three “stability point” scattering angles enables a significantincrease in accuracy and decrease of cost of environmental particulate dustsensors. Detection of light at thesethree angles allows for accurate measurement of particle size and the real andimaginary parts of the particle refractive index. Because refractive index isoften unique for most materials, it is a […]

2020-020 – New PUF-based Protocol for Improved Data Security and Authentication

Researchers from Kansas StateUniversity have developed an improved PUF-based protocol known as the reliableand lightweight authentication protocol (PUF-RLA). The proposed schememakes the system more reliable against errors and adversarial attacks, usingthe following features: Obfuscation of identity (Challenge-Response Pairs or CRPs) of the devices. The adversary cannot obtain CRPs by utilizing passive or active attacks, and […]

2020-015 – AMPK Activation through Lysosomal Damage, Initiated by a Galectin-Directed Ubiquitin Signal Transduction System

Background Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a ubiquitous, central regulator of eukaryotic metabolism, immunometabolism and autophagy, is activated by deficits in glucose metabolites and adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Activation of AMPK results in inhibition of anabolic pathways that consume ATP and activation of catabolic pathways that generate ATP, reprograming cellular metabolism to preserve and restore homeostasis. […]

2019-057 – Autonomous Agricultural Robotic Aerial Servicing System

Agriculture is growing industry that is rapidly taking advantageof recent developments in robotics and automation in order to address thegrowing population’s demand for more sustenance. However, as these smallautonomous units are being deployed to tend farmers’ fields, the problem ofremotely servicing them arises. These services include battery swaps, seedrefilling, and harvest extraction. In order to […]