neoMimix: Natural Sperm Selection

University of Limerick Background One in six couples require fertility treatment. There are two ways to fertilise eggs in vitro: Traditional in vitro fertilisation (IVF), whereby, sperm are placed on top of the eggs, and they fertilise themselves. OR, Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), whereby the embryologist selects a sperm and injects it into the […]

Structural Design of High Surface Area Core-Shell Carbon Fibers for All-Solid-State Li-S Batteries with Enhanced Reaction Kinetics

Northeastern University Background All-solid-state lithium-sulfur batteries (ASSLSBs) have attracted attention due to their remarkable safety, and ultrahigh theoretical energy density (2600 Wh kg-1) which is ten times higher than that of current commercial lithium-ion batteries. In comparison with Li-S batteries which use organic liquid electrolytes, ASSLSBs improve cycling stability by successfully avoiding the active material […]

BeamForming Wireless Power Transfer Scheme

Northeastern University Background State-of-the-art beamforming wireless power transfer (WPT) systems operate in an open loop or use channel sensing methods for closed-loop optimization. These systems have lower end-to-end efficiency, larger size and weight, and incur higher costs. Furthermore, the handling of the received power requires an additional RF-to-DC conversion step, which state-of-the-art solutions have shown […]

Zero-power Infrared Radiation (IR) Sensors with Uninterrupted Operation and Unprecedented Accuracy

Northeastern University Background The latest state-of-the-art sensors continuously drain battery power regardless of the presence of a target signal. As a result, significant battery power is lost while devices are still in “stand-by” mode. The COVID-19 pandemic created a great need for touchless interfaces and human occupancy sensing. These interfaces use a scanning process, signal […]

Nanotech Cell-Based Coatings for Medical Devices

Northeastern University Background Orthopedic implants have the highest infection rate for implantable medical devices. Coating technologies currently on the market have adverse side effects such as reduced biocompatibility and tissue regeneration, while coatings that favor tissue regeneration actually increase the rate of infections. This has led to patient dissatisfaction, economic burden, and the need for […]

Piezoelectric Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducers Based on Lithium Niobate

Northeastern University Background Piezoelectric micromachined ultrasound transducers (PMUTs) will be dominating the ultrasound sensing module market due to their extensive applications in endoscopic imaging devices, medical wearables, automotive gesture recognition, industrial machinery, underwater communication, fingerprint sensors, and VR headsets. In recent years, PMUTs have been experiencing renewed interest since ultrasound is being explored as an […]

Activated Human Collagen Biomaterial for Connective Tissue Repair

Northeastern University Background Collagen serves as the premier, load-bearing molecule in humans and animals, and is one of the major building blocks of bones, skin, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. This abundant protein helps to support and repair damaged tissue. However, the medical community has struggled to fully leverage the power of collagen for use in […]

Using Artificial Intelligence and Learning to Automate 5G/6G Networks

Northeastern University Background Radio Access Networks (RAN) take up most of the Total Cost of Ownership for cellular network providers and operators. Open RAN promises to reduce the TCO by 30%-50% and uses network intelligence to deliver bespoke services tailored to the diverse needs of the growing set of 5G/6G applications. However, to achieve this, […]

Novel Platform for Production and Use of Nanobodies as Therapeutics in Animal Health

Northeastern University Background The demand for livestock is growing at a rapid pace. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reports that livestock contributes to 40% of the global value of agricultural output. From the foods that make up our diet, to providing a natural source of fertilizer, to the preservation of […]

Potent Inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Main Protease

Baylor College of Medicine Background Both industry and academia are pursuing drugs for treatment of COVID-19 US govt committed to $3B investment for development of antiviral drugs Gilead’s Remdesivir is approved or has emergency authorization in over 50 countries; however, clinical trial results are mixed Merck’s molnupiravir antiviral drug is currently under review by the […]